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How to take care of your Thyroid disease?

How to take care of your Thyroid disease Food of India

How to take care of your Thyroid disease Food of India

Thyroid disease is one of the most prevalent lifestyle disorders commonly seen in younger women.
Being a type of autoimmune diseases, genetic factors, lifestyle changes, stress, dietary factors, environmental factors are responsible for thyroid dysfunction.

The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland located at the base of the neck which is regulate by the pituitary gland located in the brain. The basic function of thyroid gland is regulating the body metabolism, body temperature and heart beats. It’s known as the silent workhouse of the body.

Any kind of a dysfunction in form of overactive stimulation or under active production of thyroid hormones leads to thyroid disease. A well balanced controlled diet including iodised table salt (not more than 1500 mg per day = 1/2 to 1 teaspoon per day) , walnuts (1-2 in number), flaxseeds (one teaspoon daily), dairy products – milk, yoghurt (one serving a day) helps in maintaining the thyroid hormone levels.


When the thyroid gland fails to produce adequate amount of thyroid hormone, it leads to under active thyroid or Hypothyroidism. The symptoms presented are weight gain, sluggishness, increased sensitivity to cold and depression.  It’s commonly seen in people following a low sodium diet or vegan diet deficient of sodium.  Iodized table salt is the best source of iodine needed to produce thyroid hormone.

Foods rich in minerals and trace elements like iodine, iron, selenium, zinc, vitamin D, antioxidants need to be consumed regularly.
1) Dairy products like yogurt, milk, cheese: rich in Calcium, helps strengthen bones and prevents osteoporosis
2) Poultry, eggs: Provide with zinc which helps prevent hair fall.
3) Seafood: Shellfish, tuna
4) Berries: wild strawberries, blackberries, cranberries
5) Brazil nuts: rich in selenium

What to avoid?
1) Vegetables from Brassica (cabbage) family: cabbage, cauliflower, spinach, kale, broccoli
2) Gluten free diet: It’s seen that patients with hypothyroidism face issues of tummy upset hence it’s advised to follow a gluten free diet. Gluten is found in wheat, rye, barley.
3) Processed or canned food:
Canned or processed food is rich in salt and lack minerals especially iodine which may lead to blood and cardiovascular disorders like hypertension.
4) Fast food:
Foods prepared commercially are reheated or over cooked a lot of times which leads to depletion of essential minerals to the body and just the presence of sodium (salt) in the food. Hence, it preferable to avoid fast foods.

Hyperthyroidism :

Another type of dysfunction is the over stimulation of Thyroid hormones called Hyperthyroidism. The symptoms are weight loss, palpitations, hand tremors, fatigue, muscle loss, increased heart beat, dry skin, sleeplessness, nervousness, anxiety.

One should have foods rich in Calcium, proteins, omega 3 fatty acids, antioxidants which help strengthen the bones, build muscle mass, improve immunity and help calm the nervous system. Following are certain foods which one should consume:

  • Berries: Strawberries, raspberries, blueberries. Rich in antioxidants, helps improve immunity.
  • Broccoli: helps prevent thyroid hormone over production.
  • Eggs: rich in proteins, calcium
  • Flax seeds: rich source of calcium, omega 3 fatty acids
  • Walnuts: rich in omega 3 fatty acids
  • Fish: Turkey, Salmon – rich in omega 3 fatty acids, vitamin D and Calcium. Prevents bone loss. Being protein rich, helps in body building
  • Beans, nuts: protein rich food helps in body building and improving the muscle mass.
  • Yogurt: rich in Calcium prevents osteoporosis, bone strengthening.


Dr. Gayatri Gambhir
Dr. Gayatri Gambhir
Dr Gayatri N Gambhir is a practising Homeopathic Consultant, Nutritionist & Diet planner and Personal Counselor in Mumbai, since 2010. She believes in treating patients through holistic healing. Her integrated approach with Homeopathy and nutrition in treating Lifestyle diseases such as Thyroid disorders, PCOS, Hypertension, Diabetes etc has given many successful results. She has been interviewed by AIR (All India Radio) for various topics like Geriatric diet, Diet for Corporate class, Diet for Rural population like farmers workers during National health programme week. She has also worked with an MNC for their natural weight loss product. Her cured case studies have been presented at both national and international levels and has won awards too. Recently she has won the Best case presentation award at an International conference in July 2016.

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