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How to Prevent Dengue and Chikungunya with Home-made Remedies!

Dengue

Dengue

How to Prevent Dengue and Chikungunya with Home-made Remedies!

Dengue and chikungunya are both gripping India in worse ways than we can imagine. Here are some home remedies to prevent their massive outbreak. To deal with each one with a keen focus, I’ll have to speak about both separately.

Dengue 

The mosquito-borne viral disease Dengue has become one of the worst nightmares of the country. The symptoms of the disease show in three to seven days and recovery from dengue too does not take over a week unless the condition gets severe. Mostly asymptomatic, if the condition gets critical, dengue can be life-threatening.

Causes 
Dengue is caused by the bite of one of the many types of mosquitoes in the genus Aedes Aegypti.

Symptoms 
Doctors say that more than half people infected with the virus remain asymptomatic, that is, they do not show any symptoms. The ones who do show signs of the disease may show any or all of the following:

  • High fever
  • Intense sweating
  • Pain in joints
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Drop in blood pressure
  • Skin rash
  • Swelling of hands and soles of feet

If the situation worsens, there can be a drop in the level of blood platelets, blood plasma leakage or the blood pressure can drop down to a critically low point which may lead to a circulatory collapse (shock).

Prevention 
As the dengue virus is mostly active during early morning and evening, special precautions should be taken during these times of the day. Tropical and sub-tropical areas are more prone to the disease, hence traveling from and to these regions should be avoided.
The following precautions can be adhered to in order to prevent the incidence of dengue:

  • Ensure improved water storage
  • Ensure proper waste disposal
  • Strictly avoid water stagnancy
  • Use mosquito repellents containing 10 per cent DEET but ensure that you read the warning label on them carefully
  • Avoid dark colored clothing as mosquitoes are attracted to darker shades
  • Wear light colored, full-sleeved clothes

Opt for natural mosquito repellents like marigold and lemon grass.

Chikungunya 

Just like the most dreaded Dengue, Chikungunya is also a mosquito-borne virus. It is mostly not fatal but its pain can be highly traumatizing. What’s worse is that it can be easily misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common. If not tested at the right time, it does not even reflect in lab results.

Causes 

Incidentally, both Dengue and Chikungunya are caused by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, two species that are playing havoc in the country.

Symptoms 

City doctors suspect that the virus has mutated, leading to many severe symptoms. The most common signs and symptoms are:

  • Flu- chills, fever, headache and aching joints
  • Joint pain can particularly occur in hands, wrist, ankles and feet which can last from weeks to months and can even continue for a year
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Rashes

Prevention 

Here are a few tips by Dr. Narendra Prasad, consultant, General Medicines, Columbia Asia Hospital, to protect yourself from Chikungunya:

  • Keep yourself covered and minimize skin exposure
  • Exposed skin should be protected by applying skin repellents
  • Keep a check on your surroundings – don’t let water accumulate
  • Stay extra safe during daytime – use nets to avoid mosquito bites
  • Keep your surroundings clean and check for overflowing garbage bins
  • Change the water in flower vessels regularly to avoid mosquito breeding
  • Keep your toilet seats down when not in use
  • Shower daily and use unscented shampoos. Mosquitos are believed to be attracted to smells like perfume and sweat
  • Purchase mosquito repellent that contains DEET, especially if you have a balcony garden.
  • Try growing marigold and lemon grass. They are natural insect repellents
  • Use smokeless mosquito repellents. Use smoke coils outdoors or in areas that are well ventilated

The viral majorly affects finger joints on hand and foot, leading to swelling and acute pain. Sadly, in some cases , his pain can persist for months or years.

Although these two diseases are termed differently and distinguishably, either is caused inarguably by two specific species of mosquitoes that are playing havoc in the country, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. As the cause remains the same, certainly there are certain remedies for precaution that can be practiced while keeping both of the diseases in mind. Some of these remedies are mentioned below.

  1. Boil tulsi leaves in a cup of water and drink daily. It is a natural immunity booster.
  2. Burn camphor with a few drops of neem oil. Leave the room closed for approximately 20 minutes. This will tackle the mosquito menace in your house.
  3. Mix coconut oil with a few drops of neem oil and apply it on the exposed skin. It acts as a natural mosquito repellant.
  4. Giloy is a brilliant herb to strengthen the immune system and protect body against infections. You can boil its stem and consume it as herbal water.
  5. Garlic works brilliantly in warding off mosquitoes. Place its bulbs near open spaces like windows.
  6. You can leave neem oil soaked cotton balls in your living space to avoid mosquitoes.
  7. Last but not the least, keeping your surroundings clean and ensuring you don’t let water stand stagnant is the best way to prevent both the diseases.

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